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INDIA IS KEY TO PAKISTAN'S AID FOR U.S.



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Friends:=20

This is an excellent article published in the TORONTO STAR, which =
provides the background to why Pakistan was forced to support the
U.S.=20

Ram Narayanan=20

http://www.thestar.ca/NASApp/cs/ContentServer?pagename=3Dthestar/Layout/A=

rticle_=20
Type1&c=3DArticle&cid=3D1000980393075&=20
call_page=3DTS_Opinion&call_pageid=20
=3D968256290124&call_pagepath=3DNews/Opinion&col=3D968350116695=20

TORONTO STAR, SEP 21, 2001=20

INDIA IS KEY TO PAKISTAN'S AID FOR U.S.

Indian government's offer of help in military operations put its =
neighbour in danger of being compromised

David Van Praagh

OTTAWA - If Pakistan really has enlisted in the alliance for =
civilization and democracy being forged against global terrorism, the =
war will be easier to win and Asia will become more peaceful. =20

But if the ruling Pakistani generals are resorting to a desperate =
deception in pledging to work with the United States against the =
neighbouring Taliban rulers of Afghanistan and Osama bin Laden, the war
=
will take longer to win and Asia will sink deeper into chaos. =20

The evidence is overwhelming that even if Gen. Pervaz Musharraf and his
=
colleagues want to make Pakistan an ally again of the United States, =
they cannot turn back the clock. It would mean undoing Pakistan's one =
success in 54 years of failures: creating the Taliban and putting its =
fanatical Islamic rulers, who provide sanctuary to supreme terrorist bin
=
Laden, into power in Kabul. =20

Before and since the October, 1999, military coup that ended any =
Pakistani pretence at democracy and put Musharraf in power in Islamabad,
=
Pakistan armed and commanded the ragged Taliban warriors on the ground =

in Afghanistan, gave the benighted Taliban regime an economic lifeline,
=
and enabled new Taliban recruits to be educated in hate in madrassis or
=
Islamic religious schools on Pakistani territory. =20

If the Pakistanis turn over accurate intelligence on the Taliban to the
=
United States, they will be exposing the activities of their own =
military Inter-Services Directorate to the light of day. In propping up
=
the Taliban until now and promoting repeated terrorist acts by =
Pakistani-trained insurgents against India in disputed Kashmir, they are
=
bound to have their own direct links to bin Laden. =20

The reason for Pakistan's sudden superficial conversion lies not in =
Afghanistan but, unsurprisingly, in India. In 2000, then U. S. president
=
Bill Clinton and Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee proclaimed =

an "alliance in the cause of democracy."  Even before the Sept. 11 =
terrorist atrocities against the World Trade Center towers in New York =

City and the Pentagon outside Washington, D. C., President George W. =
Bush was eager to give substance to this historic alliance. On that day
=
of infamy, India simply said: "We stand with the U.S." =20

The Indian government immediately made clear its willingness not only to
=
turn over valuable intelligence on terrorists to the United States but =

also to make available air bases and aircraft for military operations =
against them. This put Pakistan in imminent danger of being compromised
=
and losing its last connection to the West. =20

Hitting on the ploy of sending a mission to Kabul to demand surrender of
=
bin Laden, Musharraf announced that Pakistan with its airspace next to =

Afghanistan was with the good guys as the "lesser evil." =20

But predictably the military mission was a fruitless gesture. And while
=
India was specific in its military commitments, Pakistan, as far as we =

know, fudged on details. =20

Meanwhile, Pakistan's opposition political parties have joined not in =
supporting but in condemning co-operation with the United States. Some =

Pakistani generals have close connections to extremist Islamic clerics =

who are leading popular anti-U.S. demonstrations. It is possible these =

generals will lead a coup against Musharraf. =20

Even if the outward leadership does not change, the price of Pakistan's
=
deep involvement in Afghanistan and failed wars against India is a =
drastic change in the country's politics from the time when it was a =
U.S. military ally. This makes the new military partnership with the =
United States sought by Washington highly difficult, if not impossible,
=
to achieve. =20

The most revealing signs that nothing has really changed in Pakistan is
=
the government's bald hope that such co-operation will bring not just =
economic aid but U. S. help in grasping the Vale of Kashmir, and =
Musharraf's warning to India to "lay off." Having employed terrorism in
=
vain to capture the Vale of Kashmir, Pakistan is using disavowal of =
terrorism as a means to the same end. =20

Pakistan's last victory in Afghanistan was the death of Ahmed Shah =
Massoud. The legendary military commander of the Afghan forces opposing
=
the Taliban, died as the result of a terrorist assassination bombing =
Sept. 9. This deprived the suffering Afghan people of a potential new =
leader when the Taliban regime meets its inevitable end, and may well =
have been the signal for the long-planned hijackings and suicide =
missions in the United States to be executed just two days later.=20

The United States and its democratic allies, which are surely aware of =

the real situation in Pakistan, will get as much as they can from the =
Pakistanis in finding, punishing and destroying terrorist networks that
=
reach into many countries. In addition to the government of Afghanistan,
=
apart from the Afghan people, Iraq's government under Saddam Hussein may
=
be among those attacked. =20

If the Musharraf regime proves unable or unwilling to provide any help =

against terrorists despite its promises, or if Pakistani extremists like
=
the Taliban come to power on a wave of anti-U.S. protests, strikes =
against terrorist bases in Pakistan are conceivable. Especially in the =

event of a coup, it would be essential to prevent fanatical new rulers =

from gaining control of Pakistan's handful of nuclear weapons. =20

That is why, as important as it is to keep conflict from spreading, the
=
use of Indian armed forces against more than terrorist targets cannot be
=
ruled out - a possibility Musharraf admits he fears. =20

The necessary war against uncivilized terrorists is an opportunity to =
create a worldwide alliance for democracy much sooner than would have =
been the case if we had not been jolted into cruel reality. Pakistan and
=
wavering countries like it will have to choose sides, honestly. The =
democracies also have a choice as to who they want with them on the =
front line.  =20

David Van Praagh, a former correspondent in South Asia and a professor =

of journalism at Carleton University, is the author of the forthcoming =

book The Greater Game: India's Race with Destiny and China.=20




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<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial></FONT>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>Friends: </FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>This is an excellent article published in the =
TORONTO=20
STAR, which provides the background to why Pakistan was forced to =
support the=20
U.S. </FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>Ram Narayanan </FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial><A=20
href=3D"http://www.thestar.ca/NASApp/cs/ContentServer?pagename=3Dthestar/=

Layout/Article_">http://www.thestar.ca/NASApp/cs/ContentServer?pagename=3D=

thestar/Layout/Article_</A>=20
<BR>Type1&amp;c=3DArticle&amp;cid=3D1000980393075&amp;=20
<BR>call_page=3DTS_Opinion&amp;call_pageid=20
<BR>=3D968256290124&amp;call_pagepath=3DNews/Opinion&amp;col=3D9683501166=

95=20
</FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>TORONTO STAR, SEP 21, 2001 </FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>INDIA IS KEY TO PAKISTAN'S AID FOR =
U.S.</FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>Indian government's offer of help in military =
operations=20
put its neighbour in danger of being compromised</FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>David Van Praagh</FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>OTTAWA - If Pakistan really has enlisted in the
=
alliance=20
for civilization and democracy being forged against global terrorism, =
the war=20
will be easier to win and Asia will become more peaceful.&nbsp; =
</FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>But if the ruling Pakistani generals are =
resorting to a=20
desperate deception in pledging to work with the United States against =

the=20
neighbouring Taliban rulers of Afghanistan and Osama bin Laden, the war
=
will=20
take longer to win and Asia will sink deeper into chaos.&nbsp; =
</FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>The evidence is overwhelming that even if Gen. =

Pervaz=20
Musharraf and his colleagues want to make Pakistan an ally again of the
=
United=20
States, they cannot turn back the clock. It would mean undoing =
Pakistan's one=20
success in 54 years of failures: creating the Taliban and putting its =
fanatical=20
Islamic rulers, who provide sanctuary to supreme terrorist bin Laden, =
into power=20
in Kabul.&nbsp; </FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>Before and since the October, 1999, military =
coup that=20
ended any Pakistani pretence at democracy and put Musharraf in power
in=20
Islamabad, Pakistan armed and commanded the ragged Taliban warriors on =

the=20
ground in Afghanistan, gave the benighted Taliban regime an economic =
lifeline,=20
and enabled new Taliban recruits to be educated in hate in madrassis or
=
Islamic=20
religious schools on Pakistani territory.&nbsp; </FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>If the Pakistanis turn over accurate =
intelligence on the=20
Taliban to the United States, they will be exposing the activities of =
their own=20
military Inter-Services Directorate to the light of day. In propping up
=
the=20
Taliban until now and promoting repeated terrorist acts by =
Pakistani-trained=20
insurgents against India in disputed Kashmir, they are bound to have =
their own=20
direct links to bin Laden.&nbsp; </FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>The reason for Pakistan's sudden superficial =
conversion=20
lies not in Afghanistan but, unsurprisingly, in India. In 2000, then U.
=
S.=20
president Bill Clinton and Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee =
proclaimed=20
an "alliance in the cause of democracy."&nbsp; Even before the Sept.
11=20
terrorist atrocities against the World Trade Center towers in New York =

City and=20
the Pentagon outside Washington, D. C., President George W. Bush was =
eager to=20
give substance to this historic alliance. On that day of infamy, India =

simply=20
said: "We stand with the U.S."&nbsp; </FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>The Indian government immediately made clear its
=

willingness not only to turn over valuable intelligence on terrorists to
=
the=20
United States but also to make available air bases and aircraft for =
military=20
operations against them. This put Pakistan in imminent danger of
being=20
compromised and losing its last connection to the West.&nbsp; =
</FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>Hitting on the ploy of sending a mission to =
Kabul to=20
demand surrender of bin Laden, Musharraf announced that Pakistan with =
its=20
airspace next to Afghanistan was with the good guys as the "lesser =
evil."&nbsp;=20
</FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>But predictably the military mission was a =
fruitless=20
gesture. And while India was specific in its military commitments, =
Pakistan, as=20
far as we know, fudged on details.&nbsp; </FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>Meanwhile, Pakistan's opposition political =
parties have=20
joined not in supporting but in condemning co-operation with the United
=
States.=20
Some Pakistani generals have close connections to extremist Islamic =
clerics who=20
are leading popular anti-U.S. demonstrations. It is possible these =
generals will=20
lead a coup against Musharraf.&nbsp; </FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>Even if the outward leadership does not change,
=
the price=20
of Pakistan's deep involvement in Afghanistan and failed wars against =
India is a=20
drastic change in the country's politics from the time when it was a =
U.S.=20
military ally. This makes the new military partnership with the United =

States=20
sought by Washington highly difficult, if not impossible, to =
achieve.&nbsp;=20
</FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>The most revealing signs that nothing has really
=
changed=20
in Pakistan is the government's bald hope that such co-operation will =
bring not=20
just economic aid but U. S. help in grasping the Vale of Kashmir, and=20

Musharraf's warning to India to "lay off." Having employed terrorism in
=
vain to=20
capture the Vale of Kashmir, Pakistan is using disavowal of terrorism as
=
a means=20
to the same end.&nbsp; </FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>Pakistan's last victory in Afghanistan was the =

death of=20
Ahmed Shah Massoud. The legendary military commander of the Afghan =
forces=20
opposing the Taliban, died as the result of a terrorist assassination =
bombing=20
Sept. 9. This deprived the suffering Afghan people of a potential new =
leader=20
when the Taliban regime meets its inevitable end, and may well have been
=
the=20
signal for the long-planned hijackings and suicide missions in the =
United States=20
to be executed just two days later. </FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>The United States and its democratic allies, =
which are=20
surely aware of the real situation in Pakistan, will get as much as they
=
can=20
from the Pakistanis in finding, punishing and destroying terrorist =
networks that=20
reach into many countries. In addition to the government of Afghanistan,
=
apart=20
from the Afghan people, Iraq's government under Saddam Hussein may be =
among=20
those attacked.&nbsp; </FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>If the Musharraf regime proves unable or =
unwilling to=20
provide any help against terrorists despite its promises, or if =
Pakistani=20
extremists like the Taliban come to power on a wave of anti-U.S. =
protests,=20
strikes against terrorist bases in Pakistan are conceivable. Especially
=
in the=20
event of a coup, it would be essential to prevent fanatical new rulers =

from=20
gaining control of Pakistan's handful of nuclear weapons.&nbsp; =
</FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>That is why, as important as it is to keep =
conflict from=20
spreading, the use of Indian armed forces against more than terrorist =
targets=20
cannot be ruled out - a possibility Musharraf admits he fears.&nbsp;=20
</FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial>The necessary war against uncivilized terrorists
=
is an=20
opportunity to create a worldwide alliance for democracy much sooner =
than would=20
have been the case if we had not been jolted into cruel reality. =
Pakistan and=20
wavering countries like it will have to choose sides, honestly. The =
democracies=20
also have a choice as to who they want with them on the front =
line.&nbsp;&nbsp;=20
</FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face=3DArial><EM>David Van Praagh, a former correspondent in
=
South Asia=20
and a professor of journalism at Carleton University, is the author of =

the=20
forthcoming book The Greater Game: India's Race with Destiny and
China.=20
</EM></FONT></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><BR>&nbsp;</DIV></BODY></HTML>



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