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Gypsy Protests Being Undermined



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As you know, the gypsies are among the oldest known NRI's -- they are
the
earliest emigrants from India, who settled in Europe. Having endured
hundreds of years of persecution in Europe, including near extermination

during the Nazi Holocaust, they are still people without rights or
respect.
And to make matters worse, Western intelligence agencies now view
gypsies as
subversives whose protests have to be controlled.

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Janes Intelligence Digest

26 February 2001
The new Russian offensive

Officially, the Cold War is over and the Soviet Union is history
(although
this week's arrest of a senior FBI official on charges of spying for
both
the USSR and, latterly, Russia raises some important questions). Even
so,
certain events of late have shed a disturbing light on the tactics and
possible goals that the Kremlin under Vladimir Putin may be pursuing.
JID's
Central Europe analyst has carried out an exclusive investigation.

In recent months, there have been indications that Russia is either
trying
to undermine its westward orientated neighbours or is already
establishing
forward outposts from which it can more effectively operate against
Western
Europe's interests once the European Union expands, or when NATO
undergoes
its next enlargement.

The most obvious embodiment of this tactic is the movement of nuclear
weapons from the mainland of the Russian Federation into the military
enclave of Kaliningrad. As we have reported in a recent issue, this move
-
which distinctly goes against informal pledges made to the West in the
early
1990s - has gone from being just a rumour to a semi-authorised
intelligence
leak from Washington, to a full-fledged diplomatic incident, with
official
calls from the Poles and Swedes for an explanation and the dispatch last

weekend of an EU delegation to Moscow. However, the grandstanding in
Kaliningrad is only the most obvious of problems of late.

Far more disturbing are actions occurring on the fringes of government
and
commerce, two fields which in Russia can hardly be separated from one
another. The fact is that Russian governmental bodies - and most
specifically those related to the intelligence community - have been
found
to be active in areas outside of their remit, or at least outside the
remit
that Western governments understand as pertaining to such authorities.

It is well known by now that under Meciar's leadership, the Slovak
Republic
became a seething hot-bed of Russian interests, as it seemed that with
NATO's first post-1990 expansion, Slovakia would make an ideal and less
than
democratic outpost of Russian interests in the heart of a rapidly
stabilising and westerly committed neighbourhood. Since then, Meciar has

been fortunately dethroned and Slovakia is now making progress in its
military and political relations with Brussels. The Russian influence is

still there, however, but is having to come to terms with a changed
political environment. Subsequently, tactics are being refined.

Recently it has come to the attention of the relevant Polish authorities

that there is something peculiar about the Russian pipeline traversing
their
country. Whilst all such installations must in this age of the
information
superhighway be accompanied by adequate communications capacities, the
fibre-optic trunk placed alongside by the Russian contractors was
discovered
to be far, far greater in performance than that required to merely
operate
the pipeline. The excess capacity was clearly intended to provide a
permanent intelligence carrier straight across the heart of a new NATO
ally.

Russia has not been so blatantly obvious with all of its new activities.

Since it is obvious that one cannot be a successful and influential
entrepreneur within the Russian Federation without at the same time
being a
political player, it is true that the superficially commercial interests
of
significant Russian concerns active abroad are inextricably inter-linked

with the goals of the new elite inside the Kremlin.

In Hungary, the most recent related scandal is still unfolding with
reference to one of the nation's most strategically importance chemical
facilities. Behind the scenes it has emerged that recent changes in the
ownership of the shares of the company BorsodChem which favour one
Millford
Holdings - nominally of Ireland - were in fact transacted on behalf of
Russia's state energy giant Gazprom, which had tried previously, but
unsuccessfully, to buy an even more significant Hungarian industrial
giant,
the Tiszai Chemical Company (TVK). The legally dubious tactics employed
and
hidden nature of the take-over has led to the Hungarian government
becoming
involved and investigations of money-laundering allegations have been
initiated by the National Financial Supervisory Agency.

And if surreptitious acquisition of industrial influence or illicit
deployment of surveillance hardware were not enough, we have it on good
intelligence community authority that recent events surrounding the
Hague
and the Zámoly Roma of Hungary has also been to a large extent
engineered by
Russian operatives. Members of the gypsy community of Zámoly appear to
have
been encouraged to plead persecution and violation of human rights
before EU
bodies and even to request political asylum so as to make Hungary look
much
worse than it is during the crucial EU accession negotiations which are
currently taking place. This perhaps is one of the most damaging methods

employed by Moscow of late, one that was tried in the aspirant Czech
Republic first and subsequently transplanted to Hungary.

Added to Putin's own professional background in the old KGB and the
recent
Russian gubernatorial victories won by former intelligence operatives
and
even serving armed forces officers, the lesson is clear: the Russian
Federation may be on its knees financially, but it will take all
measures -
illicit and otherwise - to reinstate old priorities and undermine the
national pro-Western aspirations of those countries that were once its
satellites. The more support nascent counter-intelligence efforts can be

given to these nations by the West the better. Otherwise, permanently
consolidating the change of regime in the region is likely to prove most

challenging.



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