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child labour is mothered by poverty/lack of social security and



unemployment
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SUBJECT: CHILD LABOUR AND SOCIETY

Child labour is child of many mothers like lack of social security/
poverty/unemployment and population. Unless strict measures are not
adopted by international community child labour problem can not be
eradicated.There should be joint effort by International societies and
Local governments to reform and minimise poverty/ bring social security
in unorganised sectors and curtail excessive growth of
population.World's biggest enemy is excessive population. These play
important roles to to uplift child labour. For more view my web site
below:

A concern of child labour exists from poverty. We have to understand as
why children go to work. If parents don't send their children to work I
am sure factories will not be able to consume them. Why poor parents feel
children as their assets who will earn money for their home?

Are they forced by their parents to go to work? If yes why?

http://members.tripod.com/~sadashivan_nair/childlabourandsociety/index.html

Nearly 30% of population in poor countries are poorest of poor who are
not even able to earn enough for one day food with big family have to
largely depend on children to earn and feed. Parents of these children
are mainly illiterate or semi- literate are unable to find jobs, which
can provide enough salary. Dream of education to children is impossible
unless suitable employment opportunities made available to at least one
person in the family. Simply by opening schools and providing books are
not sufficient measures. We need to understand the reason behind child
labour that is poverty and unemployment. Minimizing poverty and creation
of more and more suitable jobs to parents are the only solution of
eradication of majority of child labour problem.

Some percentage of child labour comes from brutality/ harassments by
parents or stepparents. They are mainly from urban areas of lower
middle-income group. This percentage is too less and easily controllable

by penalties to such parents and children rights. But rural poverty and
lack of employment or partial employment and illiteracy has given birth
to
majority of child labour problem.

Our understanding should be little more practical as no parents want
their children work at the age when children are to study and
play.System of child labour prevails in the countries, which are poor or
underdeveloped. Nearly 70% of world’s poorlive in Asia alone and major
contribution made by China, India, Pakistan, Nepal,Afghanistan and
Bangladesh. Where 70% of populations live in rural areas have main
employment in agriculture and small and cottage industries. Major
percentage is illiterate or semi literate. In India alone around 45% of
total thick population of one billion is illiterate/ semi-literate who
is not able to find jobs in modern industries. 36% of total India’s
population is illiterate. Main traditional crafts manufacturing has
almost collapsed due to lack of demand in international market has
further aggravated unemployment crisis.

POVERTY AND POPULATION: Curse to especially Asian countries is a result
of over population. Governments of Asia should boldly make decisions to
control excessive growth of population even if they have to take harsh
decisions. This can be achieved by announcing incentives and
disincentives:

    1. Education of fewer children to citizens is soft method of
controlling but is useful to only literate class who are already adapted
to fewer children.Semi-literates with partial success. Illiterates and
have their reasons - religion is one of the big factors that illiterates
misunderstand. Religious leaders are very helpful; taking religious
leaders into confidence would definitely give partial success. Second
reason what illiterates perceive is that more the children more the
income this perception is definitely wrong and dangerous.For this some
harsh steps to be taken.
     2. Announcing incentives and disincentive to have limited children
will be high success to control excessive growth of population.

   #A- Entitlement of subsidized food articles and services. It looks
difficult in democratic countries, subsidy to be allocated by grading
small family and big family would help.
   #B- Entitlement of government positions and promotions.
   #C- Entitlement of special preference for small family of poor
category to upgrade standard of living by way of loan and education of
small scale industry to set up.Accountability of Central and state
heads: Each central/ state/district and local area head should be made
responsible and accountable in his or her legislative area by mutual
agreement. This would be agrate step. Conscious of responsibility would
definitely control population. Also these heads would be helpful to
upgrade their areas.

http://members.tripod.com/~sadashivan_nair/unorganisedsectorandlackofsocials
ecurity/



INDUSTRIES: Thick populated countries with higher level of poverty
should work for industrialization that is helpful for all categories of
population such as literate or semi-literate and illiterates.
Governments of these countries mainly concentrate on the modernization
and heavy industries. Of course in present world modernization of
industries is very important to withstand the international competition
and standard.
Disadvantage of concentrating only on heavy industries is it does not
full fill absolute employment opportunity. Reason is major percentage of
rural are either illiterate or semi-literate they can be consumed in
small and cottage industries such as agricultural instruments and tools
handloom/ handicrafts/ poultry farms and etc.Scope of these sectors has
to be widened as this sector has capacity to consume mass level
of workers. As largely heavy industries are pruning their staff due to
recession in heavy competition these unemployed people will shoot
unemployment crisis further among literates. Small-scale and
agricultural industries will be beneficial for them also.

     1. Governments and international institutions should come forward
to
upgrade the quality and measures to bring cost as low as possible and
steps to improve its demand for these products.
     2. This could be done by inviting private sector and international
organizations participation to bring know how for research and
development and promote demand of such products.
     3. I.L.O and other agencies should understand necessity to explore
the possibility to encourage this sector especially in poor countries.
As this comes in unorganized informal sector workers are deprived of
their social security and pension schemes.
     3. W.T.O and other international agencies also can be real helpful
by allocating minimum quantity quota required for imports with
incentives to boost demand.As more the goods sold more the jobs created.

     4. Governments should identify the traditional products or suitable

products of rural areas, which can be promoted scientifically without
affecting the traditional grace.
     5. Governments to make sure the availability of raw material and
distribution at best possible price.

http://members.tripod.com/~sadashivan_nair/crisisofunemploymentinhandloomand
cottagesectors/index.html



EDUCTION AND TRAINING: Child labour is today a subject without realizing

the reason that has deteriorated purpose rather than solving. In some
families of rural areas, due to unavoidable reasons children are only
source of income for entire family. Such children when they are deprived
as factory or shop workers have no choice but to beg and sell odd items
in the streets of urban areas or become child prostitutes. Many children
are indulging into these activities. Ultimate objective of a child is to
earn and feed ailing mother or parents

     1. It is now the Governments and NOG’S or other international
organizations (as new child’s parents) can help by launching schemes of
education based earning.That is study and earn. Items may be identified
from those areas,which are suitable to young child. It would be rather
educational apprenticeship in playing way with basic education. It is
not crime but support to a needy child and better understanding of
crisis of child labour.
     2. Or NGO’s and other international agencies to identify the poor
parents, who don’t send their children to work due to financial crisis,
support by donation to educate their children. It is little tricky as
some parents may take money and don’t send child to school. In such
cases donations to be based on school attendance. Come to school and
earn.
     3. Some of interior rural villages have primary education schools
far-far away and are hard to reach. Urban high schools and college
students can be of grate help. Not only the rural children are educated
but it also provides opportunity to urban students for social
involvement with rural population. To my opinion it should be made
mandatory as higher education becomes purposeful which updates the
plights and brings ideas of solutions.
  4. Awareness’ of education is still lacking in some areas where
poverty level is high. These areas should be given special care and
facilities of study and earn.Governments cannot alone proceed due to
heavy burden of deficits.For this activity taking help of international
organizations and NGO’s is purposeful.Also social involvement of collage
and higher education students with rural village population will bring
social awareness and education. Our collage and higher education
students at present are indulged in theories and books without social
involvement this would be a right step to involve them in socio
economic.


Besides fighting for child labour the NGO's should also come with new
ideas to restore their parent's employment opportunity by suggesting
respective Governments. International community has responsibility
towards poverty.There should not be vast gap between poor and rich.
International organization and community need to come forward and renew
their thinking.

BEST REGARDS
SADASHIVAN
R (BLOC)18-C
DILSHAD GARDEN
DELHI-110095
INDIA
PHONE: 91 11 227 9020





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