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INDIANS SUCCEED, INDIA FAILS



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     Not sure of the provenance of this, but a "usually reliable friend" 
     sends it to me and I think it might provoke us to some thought in 
     IPI....
     
     prabhu guptara
     
     
     Subject: INDIANS SUCCEED, INDIA FAILS
     
     
     > INDIANS SUCCEED, INDIA FAILS
     > 
     > Swaminomics : Swaminathan S Ankalesaria Aiyer Writes.... > 
     > In this last Swaminomics of the millennium, I would like to sum up 
     our > performance in the 20th century in one sentence. Indians have 
     succeeded > in countries ruled by whites, but failed in their own. 
     This outcome
     > would have astonished leaders of our independence movement. They
     > declared Indians were kept down by white rule and could flourish 
     only > under self-rule.
     > 
     > This seemed self-evident. The harsh reality today is that Indians 
     are > succeeding brilliantly in countries ruled by whites, but failing 
     in
     > India.
     > 
     > They are flourishing in the USA and Britain. But those that stay in
     > India are pulled down by an outrageous system that fails to reward 
     merit > 
     > or talent, fails to allow people and businesses to grow, and keeps 
     real > power lies with netas, babus, and assorted manipulators. Once 
     Indians go > 
     > to white-ruled countries, they soar and conquer summits once 
     occupied > only by whites.
     > 
     > Rono Dutta has become head of United Airlines, the biggest airline 
     in > the world. Had he stayed in India, he would have no chance in 
     Indian
     > Airlines. Even if the top job there was given him by some godfather, 
     a
     > myriad netas, babus and trade unionists would have ensured that he 
     could > 
     > never run it like United Airlines. > 
     > Rana Talwar has become head of Standard Chartered Bank Plc, one of 
     the > biggest multinational banks in Britain, while still in his 40s. 
     Had he > been in India, he would perhaps be a local manager in the 
     State Bank, > taking orders from babus to give dud loans to 

     politically favoured
     > clients.
     > 
     > Rajat Gupta is head of McKinsey, the biggest management consultancy 
     firm > 
     > in the world. He now advises the biggest multinationals on how to 
     run > their business. Had he remained in India he would probably be 
     taking
     > orders from some sethji with no qualification save that of being 
     born in > 
     > a rich family.
     > 
     > Lakshmi Mittal has become the biggest steel baron in the world, with 
     > steel plants in the US, Kazakhstan, Germany, Mexico, Trinidad and
     > Indonesia. India's socialist policies reserved the domestic steel
     > industry for the public sector. So Lakshmi Mittal went to Indonesia 
     to > run his family's first steel plant there. Once freed from the 
     shackles > of India, he conquered the world.
     > 
     > Subhash Chandra of Zee TV has become a global media king, one of the 
     few > 
     > to beat Rupert Murdoch. He could never have risen had he been 
     limited to > 
     > India, which decreed a TV monopoly for Doordarshan. But technology 
     came > to his aid; satellite TV made it possible for him to target 
     India from > Hong Kong. Once he escaped Indian rules and soil, he 
     soared.
     > 
     > You may not have heard of 48-year old Gururaj Deshpande. His
     > communications company, Sycamore, is currently valued by the US 
     stock
     > market at over $30 billion, making him perhaps the richest Indian in 
     the > 
     > world. Had he remained in India, he would probably a babu in the > 
     Department of Telecommunications.
     > 
     > Arun Netravali has become president of Bell Labs, one of the biggest
     > research and development centres in the world with 30,000 inventions 
     and > 
     > several Nobel Prizes to its credit. Had he been in India, he would > 
     probably be struggling in the middle cadre of Indian Telephone
     > Industries.
     > 
     > Silicon Valley alone contains over 100,000 Indian millionaires.  
     Sabeer > Bhatia invented Hotmail and sold it to Microsoft for $400 
     million.
     > Victor Menezes is number two in Citibank.  Shailesh Mehta is CEO of
     > Providian, a top US financial services company.  Also at or near the 
     top > 
     > are Rakesh Gangwal of US Air, Jamshed Wadia of Arthur Andersen, and 
     Aman > 
     > Mehta of Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank.  In Washington DC, the Indian 
     CEO > High Tech Council has no less than 200 members, all high-tech 
     chiefs. > While Indians have soared, India has stagnated.
     > 
     > At independence India was the most advanced of all colonies, with 
     the > best prospects. Today with a GNP per head of $370, it occupies a 
     lowly > 177th position among 209 countries of the world. But poverty 
     is by no > means the only or main problem. India ranks near the bottom 
     in the
     > UNDP's Human Development Index, but high up in Transparency > 
     International's Corruption Index.
     > 
     > The neta-babu raj brought in by socialist policies is only one 
     reason

     > for India's failure. The more sordid reason is the rule-based 
     society we > 
     > inherited from the British Raj is today in tatters.  Instead money, 
     > muscle and influence matter most.
     > 
     > At independence we were justly proud of our politicians. Today we 
     regard > 
     > them as scoundrels and criminals. They have created a jungle of laws 
     in > the holy name of socialism, and used these to line their pockets 
     and
     > create patronage networks. No influential crook suffers. The mafia
     > flourish unhindered because the have political links. The sons of 
     police > 
     > officers believe they have a licence to rape and kill (ask the 
     Mattoo
     > family). Talent cannot take you far amidst such rank mis-governance. 
     Men > 
     > are reverting to our ancient feudal system where no rules applied to 
     the > 
     > powerful.
     > 
     > The British Raj brought in abstract concepts of justice for all,
     > equality before the law. These were maintained in the early years of 
     > independence. But fifty years later, citizens wail that India is a
     > lawless land where no rules are obeyed. I have heard of an IAS
     > probationer at the Mussorie training academy pointing out that in 
     India > before the British came, making money and distributing favours 
     to
     > relatives was not considered a perversion of power, it was the very
     > rationale of power.  A feudal official had a duty to enrich his 
     family > and caste. Then the British came and imposed a new ethical 
     code on
     > officials. But, he asked, why should we continue to choose British > 
     customs over desi ones now that we were independent?
     > 
     > The lack of transparent rules, properly enforced, is a major reason 
     why > talented Indians cannot rise in India. A second reason is the 
     neta-babu > raj, which remains intact despite supposed liberalisation. 
     But once
     > talented Indians go to rule-based societies in the west, they take 
     off. > In those societies all people play by the same rules, all have 
     freedom > to innovate without being strangled by regulations.
     > 
     > This, then, is why Indians succeed in countries ruled by whites, and 
     > fail in their own.
     > 
     > It is the saddest story of the century. 
     
     ENDS


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