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My ideas on policy on Ports and related issues



PORT MANAGEMENT

All Indian ports will be owned and managed by private industry.=20
Government of India will excercise minimum control to ensure :-


(i)	Proper safety and environment protection standards;

(ii)	fair competition by involvement of reasonable number of private
enterprises;

(iii)	fair tendering process in consultation with the shipping and
related industry;

(iv)	timely dredging of approach channels and other areas required for
safe navigation.

(v)	provision for berths, anchorages, mooring buoys and navigational aids
for safe navigation, safe waiting areas and safe cargo handling.


Ports will be managed by autonomous bodies (governing bodies) which will
be formed in consultation with all branches of the shipping industry.=20
These bodies will be chaired by a Government appointee and shall be
charged to run the ports on fair commercial principles ensuring fair but
not excessive return for the share holders. Wherever possible competition
will be generated by allocating terminals to as many different companies
as possible.


It may be necessary for Government of India to retain direct
responsibility for maintaining common approach channels, fairways and
mooring buoys.  A national or local authority may be created for this
purpose in consultation with the shipping and related industries.  Cost
for such services will be recovered, at no profit no loss basis, by
levying a charge on all ships calling at the port in proportion to the
ships=92 tonnage.  Generally, Government will be only a manager and
coordinator for such services.  Actual services (e.g. dredging, laying of
buoys etc,) shall be carried out by private industry on open tender
basis.


PILOTAGE SERVICE

All pilotage services will be provided by private enterprises.  These
enterprises will have to give full account of profit and loss with a view
to ensuring fair but not excessive return wherever competition is not
possible.  Government of India will exercise sufficient control to ensure
:-


(i)	proper training, licensing and professional standards of pilots;

(ii)	timely, safe and efficient pilotage service to shipping; and

(iii)	disciplining of pilots when necessary.


Cost for the Government supervision will be levied to pilotage companies
on an equitable basis through a licensing system.


SHIPPING CASUALTIES

In independent panel of investigators within the framework of maritime
authority of India will investigate all serious accidents involving
shipping in Indian territorial waters, and all ships flying the Indian
flag (serious =3D involving loss of life, serious injury, pollution or
substantial damage to a ship or a shore structure).  Aim of the
investigation will be to learn lessons to avoid similar accidents in the
future (and not apportionment of blame).  Where serious negligence or
lack of competence is involved, appropriate disciplinary action against
the concerned officer or pilot will be taken.  Disciplinary action may
include cancellation/suspension of an officer=92s certificate of competency
(if issued by Government of India) or the pilot=92s licence.  Appropriate
penalties will be provided for cases where accident results from reckless
behavior or criminal intentions.  Findings of all investigations will be
given wide publicity.  When foreign ships or nationals are involved, a
copy of the investigation report will be sent to the foreign
administration.


PORT STATE CENTROL

A minimum of 10% of all ships calling at an Indian port will be inspected
by Government surveyors to ensure proper safety and environment
protection standards in compliance with the international maritime
conventions.  Ships may be targetted on the basis of their past record,
external condition, type of trade, or other factors which may be decided
by the maritime authority from time to time.


All ports on the Indian coast will cooperate by making sure that a ship
inspected at an Indian port is normally not subjected to another port
State control inspection within 6 months of the previous inspection.


FREE SERVICES

Following services shall be provided free of charge by the Government of
India :-


(1)	Casualty Investigations.

(2)	Initial inspection under port State control.  Subsequent follow-up
visits to be charged on full costs recovery basis (see Note 2 below).


<italic><bigger>Notes </bigger>: 1.	Above services are provided to ensure
safe operation of shipping along the Indian coast with a view to
discharging our responsibility in compliance with the international
maritime conventions, and to protect the Indian coast from maritime
disasters.  The services should therefore be funded from the public
purse.


      2.	Initial Inspection under port State control is carried out on a
random basis to verify that the ship is being properly maintained in
compliance with the applicable maritime conventions.  No charge is
justifiable for this visit.  If deficiencies are found during the first
visit, then the Government surveyor needs to re-visit the ship to confirm
that the deficiencies have been made good.  Cost of re-visits should be
charged to the ship as it is a direct service to the ship and the visit
would not have been needed had the ship been properly maintained in the
first instance.

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