Population is a symptom,
not a cause of poverty

[Preamble | Manifesto | Agenda]


Tables 4: Population: How much of a problem?

Table 4a: Relative share of people of "undivided India," (including

Pakistan, Bangladesh and India) in world population

World

India

Share

1750

791

170

21.49

1800

978

186

19.02

1850

1262

222

17.59

1900

1650

285

17.27

1950

2517

439

17.44

1990

5295

1078

20.36

2025

8473

1882

22.21

Source: Data on world population till 1900, from Agarwala, 1972:2

Data on India's population from Lal, 1988:35

Data on world population from 1950, including data on

Pakistan, Bangladesh, etc., from World Resources Institute, 1994.

Table 4.b: Relative share of people of India, 1901-2025, in world population

World

India

Share

1900

1650

235

14.24

1950

2517

358

14.22

1990

5295

846

15.98

2025

8473

1394

16.45

Source: Data on India's population from 1901, from Ministry of Home Affairs, 1974:3

Other data from World Resources Institute, 1994.


Important studies/ reviews on this topic:

  1. Richard Easterlin (1996). Growth Triumphant.

  2. Julian Simon (1981). The Ultimate Resource.

  3. Pritchett, Lant (1996). "Population Growth, Factor Accumulation, and Productivity," a Policy Research Working Paper of the World Bank, Poverty and Human Resources Division. No. 1567. Jan. 1996.

  4. Poverty Reduction and the World Bank: Progress and Challenges in the 1990s. Washington D.C. World Bank, 1996.

  5. Immigration: The Demographic and Economic Facts, by Julian Simon


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